Florence

A city rich in art, history and tradition

Florence keeps an exceptional artistic heritage, witnessing its centuries-old civilization. In Florence Cimabue and Giotto, the fathers of Italian painting; Arnolfo and Andrea Pisano, renewers of architecture and sculpture; Brunelleschi, Donatello and Masaccio, the initiators of the Renaissance; Ghiberti and the Della Robbia; Filippo Lippi and Angelico; Botticelli and Uccello, and the universal geniuses of Leonardo and Michelangelo.

Their works – with those of many other generations of artists, up to the masters of this century – are collected in the city's many museums the Uffizi, the most selected gallery in the world; the Palatine Gallery, with paintings of the "golden age", the Bargello, with sculptures of the Renaissance; the San Marco Museum, with works by the Angelic; the Academy, the Medici chapels and the Casa Buonarroti, with sculptures by Michelangelo; museums Bardini, Horne, Stibbert, Romano, Corsini, the modern art gallery, the Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Museo degli Argenti, delle Pietre Dure.

Outstanding monuments mark the stages of Florentine artistic civilization: the Baptistry with its mosaics; the Cathedral with its sculptures; medieval churches with frescoes; public and private palaces-Palazzo Vecchio, Palazzo Pitti, Palazzo Medici-Riccardi, Palazzo Davanzati; the monasteries and cloisters; convents, and coteries; the Charterhouse. Etruscan civilization in the archaeological museum has a rich documentation.

World Heritage site recognized by Unesco in 1982, concluded the historic centre of Florence, within the circle of the avenues traced on the old medieval walls, collects the most important cultural heritage of the city. Bounded by the walls of the 14th century, built thanks to the commercial and economic power over the next two centuries, reached its peak.

The old town can be appreciated in its entirety from the hills around him, especially from Forte Belvedere, from Piazzale Michelangelo with the Romanesque Basilica of San Miniato al Monte and the Hill of Fiesole which offers one of the best views of the Arno Valley.

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